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Dental malocclusion can manifest in many ways and degrees of severity. Contrary to what many patients believe, a perfectly aligned smile is more than having straight teeth.
Each tooth is designed to articulate perfectly with its counterpart in the opposing dental arch. This helps distribute the biting forces evenly across the dental arch to protect the teeth, bone, and gums.
However, malocclusion can disrupt the way both dental arches articulate when engaged, even if the teeth within each arch are aligned.
Therefore, the dentist must make sure to fix this issue through orthodontic treatment. This can be often solved by using orthodontic rubber bands.
Orthodontic rubber bands are simple yet effective tools used to align the maxillary bone with the mandibular bone.
As the name suggests, they are small rubber bands that the dentist places on the patient's brackets.
These orthodontic rubber bands connect two different teeth, usually across opposing dental arches. They are placed and secured on small hooks on the brackets.
They are meant to be used as long as possible during the day. Moreover, dentists recommend wearing them 24 hours daily to ensure their success. They should be worn while sleeping or eating. Nonetheless, the patient can remove them momentarily if their anchoring position interferes with the eating process.
Since orthodontic rubber bands are made of an elastic material, they tend to stretch and lose resistance and effectiveness after wearing them for a while. Therefore, the patient needs to replace them a few times a day.
Orthodontic rubber bands are classified according to different aspects, such as:
This refers to the force magnitude the rubber band applies to the teeth. This force is measured in ounces or grams and can be divided into three groups: light, medium, and heavy.
Orthodontik rubber bands come in different sizes. The size indicates the diameter of the band.
Rubber bands are usually made of latex. This makes them inexpensive and easy to fabricate. Also, latex possesses high flexibility and stability.
However, since some people are allergic to latex, orthodontic rubber bands can also be made of synthetic material.
Rubber bands can be used to treat different malocclusions. Therefore, they can be classified according to what they are treating, such as:
1. kelas I
2. kelas III
3. kelas III
Orthodontic rubber bands work under a simple principle. When the band stretches, its natural reaction is to go back to its original position.
Therefore, when the band is placed around two kurung, it tries to retake its original shape. As a result, it applies force and pressure to the teeth in their attempt to regain their form.
This constant pressure results in slow and persistent teeth and bone movement into a new position.