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Endodontic treatments are vital to prevent the extraction of any tooth with severe damage or irreversible pulp damage.
However, these procedures are not simple and involve several steps, materials, and instruments.
At the end of any endodontic treatment, the dentist must fill and seal the root canals with a specialized material called gutta percha. Nonetheless, the dentist has to remove any excess gutta percha that sticks out of the root canal or above the alveolar bone crest.
Traditionally, this step is performed by heating a metal instrument designed to cut and remove gutta percha. However, the development of modern technologies has led to the creation of a gutta percha cutter.
This electronic device offers a better approach to this procedure's important step. Therefore, making the process easier and safer.
A gutta percha cutter is a hand-held device designed specifically for one of the final steps of endodontic treatments.
As the name suggests, this device's principal function and goal are to cut and remove any gutta percha excess.
However, unlike traditional gutta percha cutting methods, the gutta cutter allows the dentist to perform clean cuts effortlessly. Therefore, it reduces the risk of common accidents, such as performing uneven cuts or pulling out a large portion of the root canal's gutta percha.
Gutta percha cutters are wireless handpieces. The dentist needs to charge it through its charging base. Afterward, they are ready to be used.
The function mechanism is also fairly simple. It possesses a button at the handle that activates the device. Also, it comes with different interchangeable tips that allow the dentist to use it in any type of case and situation.
Lastly, gutta cutters are lightweight and have an ergonomic design. This helps the dentist to work effortlessly and prevent injuring his hands. Although this step is done quickly, prolonged working sessions can lead to carpal tunnel syndrome. Therefore, it is vital for every instrument used throughout an endodontic treatment to be sterile.
The gutta percha cutter works in the same way as a traditional instrument. However, it operates with electricity.
The device uses electrical currents to heat the metal tip at the end of the instrument. This allows the dentist to cut the gutta percha.
To turn it on, the dentist has to press the button on the handle. The device keeps the tip at the same temperature as long as the button is pressed. Therefore, releasing the button deactivates the device and causes the point to cool down.
It is essential to wait until the tip has cooled down to safely remove it from the patient mouth. This way, the risk of accidentally injuring the patient is reduced.
The gutta percha cutter offers many benefits, such as:
● Improved workflow: The device reduces chair time as the procedure is done faster.
● Heat control: The gutta cutter maintains the tip at the same temperature throughout the entire process. This prevents any mistakes from occurring due to the instrument cooling down promptly.
● Precision: The different tips and adequate temperature allow the dentist to perform a precise cut.